Every bountiful vegetable garden begins with seedlings. Time your indoor and outdoor sowing for strong plants and a healthy harvest, with the help of our herb and vegetable planting calendars.

Indoor Vegetable Calendar

Starting vegetable seedlings indoors extends their growing season and gives them a safe place to take root. All they need to thrive is a warm, sunny spot and regular watering. Ideal dates can vary from one region to another, and it is important not to sow too early or too late.
Indoor sowing Sowing depth Transplantation Garden spacing
Celery Early March 3 mm Late May 25 cm
Leek Early March 1 mm Early May 15 cm
Celeriac Mid-March 5 mm Mid to Late May 30 cm
Tomato Late March 6 mm Early June 50 cm
Pepper Late March 3 mm Early June 20 cm
Eggplant Late March 3 mm Mid-May 50 cm
Broccoli Early April 6 mm Early June 60 cm
Kohlrabi (German turnip) Early April 1 cm Mid-June 60 cm
Brussels sprout Mid-April 6 mm Mid to Late May 50 cm
Cabbage Mid-April 5 mm May 50 cm
Cauliflower Mid-April 6 mm Late May 60 cm
Lettuce Mid-April 6 mm Late May 25 cm
Pumpkin Early May 2.5 cm Early June 2 m

Outdoor Vegetable Calendar

Hardy vegetables, such as root vegetables like carrots and garlic, are more resistant to cold and can be planted directly into the soil outside.
  Outdoor sowing Sowing depth Garden spacing
Lettuce Early May 1 cm Between bulbs: 9 cm
Between rows: 45 cm
Shallot Early May 2 cm Between bulbs: 15 cm
Between rows: 20 cm
Potato Early May 15 cm Between bulbs: 30 cm
Between rows: 50 cm
Radish Early May 2 cm Between bulbs: 3 cm
Between rows: 20 cm
Parsnip Mid-May 1 cm Between bulbs: 15 cm
Between rows: 30 cm
Peas Mid-May 2 cm Between bulbs: 3 cm
Between rows: 30 cm
Beet Mid-May 2.5 cm Between bulbs: 10 cm
Between rows: 25 cm
Carrot Mid-May 1 cm Between bulbs: 3 cm
Between rows: 15 cm
Spinach Mid-May 3 cm Between bulbs: 10 cm
Between rows: 25 cm
Corn Mid-May 5 cm Between bulbs: 3 cm
Between rows: 70 cm
Cucumber Late May 2.5 cm Between bulbs: 1 m
Between rows: 1 m
Onion Early June 3x the height of bulb Between bulbs: 10 cm
Between rows: 20 cm
Garlic Mid-October 3 cm Between bulbs: 15 cm
Between rows: 25 cm

Indoor and Outdoor Herb Calendar

Not only do herbs impart a fresh flavour to your food, but certain varieties can also even keep mosquitoes away when planted outside. An herb pot makes a great complement to any vegetable garden.
  Indoor sowing Outdoor sowing Transplantation
Chives (perennial) March   Early June
Parsely Early March   Early May
Oregano (perennial) Mid-March   Early June
Marjoram Mid-March   Early June
Thyme (perennial) Mid-March   Early June
Sage (perennial) Early April   Early June
Basil Mid-April   Early June
Coriander   Early May  
Mint (perennial)   Early May (potted)  
Dill   Mid-May  

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