Those old walls that look drab and have no style need a boost. Fix those walls up and add an entirely new look to any room in your house by painting. But keep in mind that painting is more than just applying a coat or two of paint to the wall. Purchasing the right tools and a high quality paint is essential for getting good results. So in order to get professional results, there are a few basics steps you should follow. You will be pleased with the beautiful, finished product.
You should have plenty of air circulation and ventilation in the room you will be painting. Use an oscillating fan for additional circulation.
Turn off the breaker or fuse for the room when working with electrical outlets, switches and lights.
If you've decided to paint the ceiling as well as the walls, remove all ceiling fixtures. For fixtures that are suspended by a post:
Before painting the walls, remove all the hardware in the room and anything hanging on the walls. The following are items you may have to remove:
Protecting Furniture and Immovable Items
Remove any furniture that you can from the room. All other furniture should be pulled away from the walls. Move as much furniture as possible to the center of the room.
After you've removed everything that can be moved, protect all areas that won't be painted.
Cover all of your furniture and floor area with drop cloths. Paintbrushes sometimes drip and rollers emit a fine spray of paint that settles over the room like dust.
A new coat of paint should be applied to a clean, hole-free surface. If you are painting over a pre-painted wall, make sure there is no loose or flaking paint. If your home was built before 1978, you may have lead paint on the interior walls. Read our Lead Based Paint-What You Need To Know information before continuing.
All holes and imperfections in the wall should be repaired. Be sure to wear a dust mask when sanding. The basic repair steps are below; see Patching and Repairing Drywall for more detailed instructions.
Cleaning and Taping the Walls
Now that everything in the room is removed and/or covered, it is time to wash the walls and remove dirt, dust and other substances. Wear gloves to protect your hands.
Apply the tape in a straight line along the bottom of the crown and along the top of the base moulding. Make sure the lines are level and smooth.
New construction and patched or repaired areas will need to be primed before painting. Priming seals the surface and helps the paint cover more evenly. See Choosing Primer for information on the best kind of primer for your application. If you are painting a pre-finished surface that has a high gloss paint, prime it before re-painting.
GOOD IDEA: If your paint is a deep color such as red, use a gray or matching tinted primer to match the paint. The tinted primer will reduce the number of coats necessary.
Application and Technique
Open the paint can and stir well. Make sure you mix down into the bottom of the can. The paint pigment needs to be thoroughly blended.
Suggested Painting Order
After you've repaired, cleaned, taped and primed, it is time for the actual painting. After all of the preparation you owe it to yourself to choose a high quality paint that will give you professional looking results. Picking the Right Interior Paint can help you choose the best paint for your room.
The order in which you paint a room should be top to bottom. The following areas should be painted in this order:
GOOD IDEA: If you are painting your room in radically different colors, apply the lighter paint color first and then the darker color.
Most people dread the thought of painting the ceiling. If you use a paint extension pole, the job will be a lot easier. You can stand on the floor to paint the majority of the ceiling. If your ceilings are vaulted, you may have to use a stepstool or ladder in conjunction with an extension pole.
GOOD IDEA: Dip the roller in the paint tray. Roll it back and forth on the ridged part at the top of the tray to evenly distribute the paint.
Taking Breaks and Overnight Drying
If you are painting your doors, use the following method:
Flat panel doors can be painted with a roller.
Before you remove the drop cloths wait at least three hours for the paint to completely dry. Don't re-hang pictures for at least a day.
Brushes and rollers can be re-used if properly cleaned.
Soak brushes/rollers in paint thinner and follow steps 2-5 above.