Dense grass captures pollutants, filters rainfall, and prevents water runoff. It also cleans the air by capturing particles, and enhances your property value.
Follow our simple tips to learn how you can keep your landscape lush and lively. We’ll guide you through the basics of lawn care and maintenance to stay green all year long.
The single most important thing you can do for your lawn is provide it with proper nutrition. It's easy to grow your best lawn ever when you understand the feeding basics.
Feeding (or fertilizing) your lawn enriches the soil, creating a good environment for beneficial microorganisms, insects and worms. When it’s well-fed, it has a deeper root system so it’s better able to prepare for droughts. Your lawn also becomes more resilient to withstand weeds, pests, and winter stresses.
Start by estimating your lawn size. Multiply your property's length by its width and subtract the area of your house and any hard surfaces like driveways, patios or decks. Average Canadian lawns are about 250 m2, approximately the size of a tennis court. Using a lawn spreader, apply fertilizer where desired.
Tip: Frequent fertilizing in the fall as well as early feedings in the spring will also help to keep your grass greener than ever.
Mow your lawn tall (6 cm): Longer grass blades are more drought tolerant, encourage deeper roots and grow thicker to crowd out weeds. Shorter cut lawns need more work to stay healthy, weed-free and attractive.
Don't cut more than a third: Cutting off only one-third of the grass blade length reduces stress and helps conserve moisture in the plant.
Keep your mower's blade sharp: A dull blade frays grass blade ends, which allow moisture to escape and causes tips to turn brown.
Tip: Leave the clippings on the lawn to conserve moisture and add organic matter back into the soil. And don’t forget to use a string trimmer or lawn edger for a crisp, clean finish.
With the right watering tools, you’ll get a better-looking, healthier and more resilient lawn, while conserving water use. Lawns need at least 2.5 cm of water per week. Use a rain gauge to measure the rainfall during the week and make up the difference with a lawn sprinkler.
Water only once or twice a week, but do it deeply to reach the roots. Frequent watering only wets the lawn's surface and forces the roots to remain shallow. Deeper root systems help lawns survive stressful periods of heat and drought.
Tip: Early in the morning is the ideal time to water for most lawns. There’s less wind, less hot sun, and your lawn has a full day to dry. Watering at night invites mildew and fungus.
It's easy to tell if your lawn needs rejuvenation: it is thin, you can see bare soil between grass blades, and the ground feels hard to walk on. Thicken your lawn by overseeding with a quality grass seed. It's an easy and effective way to strengthen your lawn and protect against weed problems.
After you’ve found the right seed, you have the option of aerating. Aerators penetrate the ground to allow air and water into the soil creating a better root environment for germinating seeds.
Next, use a rake to expose the soil and improve seed contact with the soil. It also helps to prep the area to remove dead grass and loosen hard soil.
At this point, you can also choose to enrich the soil (although it’s not required) before adding a thin layer of grass seeds. Organic matter such as lawn soil added on top of the ground creates a more nutrient-rich environment for growth.
After seeding, feed your lawn with fertilizer. Finish by watering until your soil is dark brown. When your mixture turns light brown, add more water.
Tip: The best time to overseed is in the spring and fall.