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Home > Projects & DIY Toolkit > Buying Guides > Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management

Those who seek to find another method of pest control often turn to Integrated Pest Management. Integrated Pest Management or IPM is a pest control method that places the emphasis on prevention. Lowe's is happy to provide this information as a service to you.

Introduction of Pest Management Integration

Most plant injury is caused by poor growing conditions. Weak plants are more susceptible to pests than healthy plants. Observation and early identification of problems is the key. Application of pesticides is not excluded from an IPM program, but most often reserved as a "last resort."

The basic components can be practiced easily in the home and garden.

First, acknowledge the fact that some pest presence and damage is natural. IPM requires the time to maintain an educated eye toward the garden, the ability to correctly identify the nature of pest problems and the self-discipline to decide what threshold of natural pest damage to allow before initiating chemical controls.

The use of cultural, mechanical and biological controls can reduce dependence on pesticides.

Cultural Controls

  • Rotate crops.
  • Remove pests from plants with a jet of water or by hand.
  • Plant pest-resistant varieties.
  • Keep weeds and debris out of the garden and flowerbeds.
  • Provide regular irrigation and feeding but avoid overwatering and overfertilizing.
  • Eliminate standing water.
  • Keep the area clean and free of debris.
  • Prepare soil well.
  • Keep plants healthy so they are more pest resistant.
  • Mow lawns properly.
  • Plant flowering, nectar-bearing plants to attract beneficial insects.

Mechanical Controls

  • Use traps to attract and gather pests.
  • Set up barriers such as row covers and netting.
  • Use electronic repellers.
  • Install fences to keep out deer and rabbits.
  • Extend the fence below ground to deter rodents.

Biological Controls

  • Attract beneficial insects.
  • Attract insect eaters such as birds, bats, toads and lizards.
  • Use companion plants to increase garden efficiency.

IPM can also be practiced inside of the home. Keep the house clean, especially kitchens and baths. Keep an eye out for early detection of pests.


Tools, products, materials, techniques, building codes and local regulations change; therefore, Lowe's assumes no liability for omissions, errors or the outcome of any project. The reader must always exercise reasonable caution, follow current codes and regulations that may apply, and is urged to consult with a licensed professional if in doubt about any procedures. Please visit our terms of use.

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