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Home > Projects & DIY Toolkit > How to Plant a Tree

How to Plant a Tree

How to Plant a Tree

  1. Select a tree that fits your yard as well as your needs. Consider its mature size, the shade it might cast on existing flowerbeds, and any nearby power lines or paved areas its branches and roots may disturb. Before digging, be sure to contact your local utility company to mark gas lines, water pipes, or underground cables.
  3. Dig a hole as deep as the tree's root ball and twice as wide. Try excavating soil onto a tarp to protect your lawn throughout the planting process.
  4. Mix organic filler into heavy clay or sandy soil, replacing up to one-half the volume of the excavated soil. Slice roots by scoring the sides of the root ball with a shovel, which will encourage new roots to grow.
  5. Place your tree in the hole, replace some of the soil, and straighten the tree. Ensure that the trunk flare (where the first roots spread out from the base of the tree) is level with the soil line. Fill the hole, keeping the flare exposed. Add a ring of mounded soil 12 to 18 inches out from the trunk, creating a moat so water can soak into the roots.
  6. Mulch with shredded bark, pine straw, or some other organic matter, beginning 3 to 5 inches away from the trunk. Water weekly during the first growing season. Learn more

How to Plant Emerald Cedars or Brandon Cedar

The 5-6' Emerald or Brandon Cedars should be planted approximately 2' apart. The spacing should be measured from the centre to centre of each cedar. The goal is to plant each cedar as close together without having them touch each other. Allow the plants to grow into each other on its own. If planted to closely it could cause part of cedars to turn brown. To encourage quick growth water and fertilize regularly and ensure that triple mix soil is used when planting.
  1. Dig hole twice the size of the pot that tree is in.
  2. Replace existing soil with triple mix soil.
  3. Remove pot from tree and place in ground. Ensure that soil level of rooted tree is at same level of ground or slightly higher.
  4. When filling around tree ball with triple mix ensure that it is compacted with your foot. If soil is not compacted the tree could lean slightly after it is watered.
  5. Mulch around tree ball to prevent from drying out quickly.
  6. Fertilize tree with a transplant fertilizer when you are done planting.

Planting fruit trees

Fruit trees grow in a wide range of soil types. Apple varieties prefer heavy soils, such as clay, however they are quite adaptable to a wide range of soil types. Pear and plums grow well on clay soils. Cherries and peaches generally prefer well-drained soils made up of either clay or sand. Peach varieties must be grown in a highly organic soil.

Planting instructions:
  1. Dig a hole twice as large as the pot the tree was growing in.
  2. Improve existing soil with organic material (composted cow manure)
  3. Remove the plant from the container carefully and partly refill the planting hole.
  4. Plant the tree slightly higher than growing in the container, care must be taken no to plant too deeply, the graft union should be above the final soil level.
  5. Firm the soil gently and water thoroughly.
  6. Support the tree with stakes.
  7. With limitations on chemicals consumers should spray with dormant oil early spring prior to any leafing. The dormant oil will kill any insects that overwinter on fruit tree
Lowe's Fruit trees are high quality trees. Selected strains of certified, virus free plants and most varieties will product fruit by the second year. Lowe's fruit trees are 2 years old.

Planting fruit trees in full sun

For best results we suggest planting 2 varieties of the same fruit to guarantee cross-pollination. Either plant two together or if there are neighbouring apple trees with a close proximity one will be fine.

Self-Fertile-only one tree is needed for pollination.

Self-Sterile- another tree of a different variety is needed for pollination.

Self Fertile- sour cherry, peach, European plum, Japanese plum

Self-Sterile-apple, sweet cherry, pear
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