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Home > Projects & DIY Toolkit > Fall Garden Centre - How to Plant a Tree

Fall Garden Centre - How to Plant a Tree

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How to Plant a Tree

Step 1

Select a tree that fits your yard as well as your needs. Consider its mature size, the shade it might cast on existing flowerbeds, and any nearby power lines or paved areas its branches and roots may disturb. Before digging, be sure to contact your local utility company to mark gas lines, water pipes, or underground cables.

Step 2

Dig a hole as deep as the tree's root ball and twice as wide. Try excavating soil onto a tarp to protect your lawn throughout the planting process.

Step 3

Mix organic filler into heavy clay or sandy soil, replacing up to one-half the volume of the excavated soil. Slice roots by scoring the sides of the root ball with a shovel, which will encourage new roots to grow.

Step 4

Place your tree in the hole, replace some of the soil, and straighten the tree. Ensure that the trunk flare (where the first roots spread out from the base of the tree) is level with the soil line. Fill the hole, keeping the flare exposed. Add a ring of mounded soil 12 to 18 inches out from the trunk, creating a moat so water can soak into the roots.

Step 5

Mulch with shredded bark, pine straw, or some other organic matter, beginning 3 to 5 inches away from the trunk. Water weekly during the first growing season. Learn more

How to Plant Emerald Cedars or Brandon Cedar


The 5-6' Emerald or Brandon Cedars should be planted approximately 2' apart. The spacing should be measured from the centre to centre of each cedar.

The goal is to plant each cedar as close together without having them touch each other. Allow the plants to grow into each other on its own. If planted to closely it could cause part of cedars to turn brown. To encourage quick growth water and fertilize regularly and ensure that triple mix soil is used when planting.

Step 1

Dig hole twice the size of the pot that tree is in.

Step 2

Replace existing soil with triple mix soil.

Step 3

Remove pot from tree and place in ground. Ensure that soil level of rooted tree is at same level of ground or slightly higher.

Step 4

When filling around tree ball with triple mix ensure that it is compacted with your foot. If soil is not compacted the tree could lean slightly after it is watered.

Step 5

Mulch around tree ball to prevent from drying out quickly.

Step 6

Fertilize tree with a transplant fertilizer when you are done planting.

How-to video on planting a tree

How-to plant a tree video
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